Research shows three-quarters of rubbish was plastic and debris concentrated near cities
from Environment | The Guardian http://ift.tt/XmP6aj
By Chris Bucholz Published: April 29th, 2014
I’ve got kind of a love/hate relationship with video games. On the one hand, I’m slightly embarrassed by the amount of time I’ve spent playing them, feeling far, far prouder of the times in my life when I’ve been making things, rather than just consu
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By J. F. Sargent Published: April 29th, 2014
The best part of adapting a pre-existing story into a movie is that you’ve already got a whole bunch of fans who are pretty much guaranteed to buy tickets (yay!). The worst part is that you have to stick to the ideas that already existed in the origi
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In WWII, soldiers used plexiglass for pistol grips so they could put pictures of loved ones on their pistols. Where they got it is super resourceful
In times of war, resources can be very scarce. That was especially true during the Second World War. U.S. Soldiers had to make do with whatever they had. It is also true that being away from home and loved ones can be emotionally taxing. Leave it to troops stationed away in foreign countries to come up with a clever solution to the the pains of wartime.
When planes were shot down in the course of battle, they could be salvaged for useful materials, one of which was plexiglass. The plexiglass from planes could be worked with and shaped in such ways that it could be used for making pistol grips, giving troops a better handle on their weapons.
Their ingenuity did not stop there, though. Plexiglass had another unique quality that made it useful for getting through the desperation of war. Conveniently enough, it’s see-through, and it can serve to hold photographs in place.
During all times, soldiers could carry both their weapons and pictures of their girlfriends, wives, brothers, sisters, friends, parents, or really anyone they loved and missed. There’s no doubt being reminded of life back home was comforting and gave them the strength to carry on until the bloodshed was over.
The odds of surviving after receiving CPR aren’t even close to what TV shows say they are. Find out the truth
Dr. David Newman says after practicing emergency medicine for 20 years, he remembers every patient who has walked out of his hospital alive after receiving CPR. This is because, contrary to what popular TV shows depict, the number of people who survive CPR is actually very small. Out of hundreds of CPR patients who came to the New York hospitals where he has worked, he remembers no more than one person a year making a full recovery.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was introduced to American doctors in 1960, and since then it has become a much used procedure in emergency medicine. According to ‘The American’, more than 14 million people in 60 countries were trained in CPR between 2011 and 2012, but results of recent studies show that the number of lives saved by the procedure is not as many as your favorite TV drama would have you believe. Only about 2% of adults who collapse and receive CPR recover fully!
Some researchers suggest that television created a myth about CPR which, in turn, created unrealistically high expectations in the public mind. In 97 episodes of ‘ER’, ‘Chicago Hope’ and ‘Rescue 911’, 75% of the patients survived immediate cardiac arrest, and two thirds were discharged with no lingering side-effects after receiving CPR! It is in stark contrast to reality as revealed by medical studies.
In the 1920’s a group of Europeans wanted to connect Europe with Africa. The fate of African culture was never even considered!
In the 1920’s a German architect, Herman Sörgel, had a ‘brilliant’ idea for Europe to colonize Africa by lowering the surface of the Mediterranean Sea by 660 ft. This would have opened up large new lands for settlement in an almost totally drained Adriatic Sea. He had this idea that all the major problems of European civilization would be solved by creating this new continent which he named ‘Atlantropa.’
It would consist of Europa and Africa and would be inhabited by Europeans. It seems nobody was interested in asking the Africans for their opinion on the matter! Probably because, according to Sörgel, Europeans would flourish under the effects of the climate changes this would bring about and native African populations would not. According to his Eurocentric views, Europe had to become self-sufficient and therefore had to possess territories in all the climatic zones.
Concerns about climate change, earthquakes, attacks and the fate of African culture were often ignored as being unimportant. The ideology of Atlantropa was always characterized by white-centric superiority and racist attitudes towards Africa. Luckily the invention of nuclear power and the end of colonialism left Atlantropa technologically unnecessary and politically unfeasible. Ridiculously, the Atlantropa Institute remained in existence until 1960!
700 Years ago, New Zealand was undiscovered and completely uninhabited by humans! What happened next is classic colonialism…
Polynesians discovered New Zealand 700 years ago and settled there. They developed a distinct Māori culture which is centered on family links and land. Before that, New Zealand was completely undiscovered and devoid of any human inhabitants. Abel Janszoon Tasman was the first European explorer to sight the country on 13 December 1642. After that, Captain James Cook reached New Zealand in October 1769 and he was the first European explorer to circumnavigate and map New Zealand.
The country was regularly visited by explorers, sailors, missionaries, traders and adventurers. New Zealand was brought into the British Empire in 1840 when the Treaty of Waitangi was signed between the British Crown and the Māori chiefs. It gave Māori equal rights with British citizens. War came and it brought with it the imposition of a European economic and legal system. This led to most of New Zealand’s land passing from Māori to European ownership, and the Māori people suddenly became impoverished.
The country still has strong but informal links to Britain. Many young New Zealanders travel to Britain because of favorable working visa arrangements with the UK. Britons are still the largest group of migrants to New Zealand. Immigration law favors fluent speakers of English. One constitutional link to Britain remains — New Zealand’s head of State, the Queen in Right of New Zealand, is a British resident!
Originally carrots were not orange, and orange carrots were considered ‘provocative’! Why did we make them orange?
Originally carrots were white or purple. Orange carrots were just unheard of! They were first bred in The Netherlands in 17th century from the white and purple varieties in honor of the Orange-Nassau dynasty. They were the leading family of The Netherlands from the mid-16th century and are now the Royal family.
Orange carrots were so strange that it was seen as ‘provocative’ in the early modern era and was banned in certain Dutch markets! It is amazing that they have become so common that most of us have not yet seen the white or purple variety for sale in markets! It is through the Orange-Nassau dynasty and it’s association with Protestant politics of early modern Europe that the color orange gained its religious, political and Dutch associations.
Despite the fact that orange is such a very important color to the Dutch people and link them to their history, there is no orange to be found in the Dutch flag. The Dutch are known to be a very practical people, and when they found the orange dye is too unstable, they changed it to the vermilion red that is now seen in the flag of that nation.
White and purple carrots are now back in fashion and is becoming available as ‘heritage’ varieties.
There is an annual Lumberjack World Championship held in Wisconsin! The events are crazy…
The Lumberjack World Championship has been crowning All-Around Champions since 1960. There are 21 events and over $50,000 in prize money. 100 competitors from North America, New Zealand and Australia compete for both money and respect annually at the event in Haywood, Wisconsin. If you plan on competing you better start training now; there are some pretty crazy events at this competition.
Let’s start out with some basic ones. There’s the standing block chop which is similar to chopping any old tree, and there’s the single buck, where contestants saw through a log. Pretty obvious things to include in a lumberjack competition.
Then there’s the underhand block chop. In this event, contestants stand on top of a log and chop between their legs. Crazy. The springboard chop is pretty interesting too. Contestants chip holes in the tree to fit in a springboard and then stand on the boards and chop higher up. I wouldn’t recommend trying either of these at home.
At least those have log cutting involved. There are two speed climbing challenges, one at 60 feet and one at 90 feet. Contestants have to climb up and down the log as fast as they can to win. At the speeds you have to go to win one of these anyone can make a mistake.
There are some other events as well. There’s the classic logrolling where two people try to unbalance the other on a floating (and spinning) log, and there’s the boom run where the contestants have to run along a bunch of floating logs as fast as they can. Vertically, not Frogger style.
If you’re a woman, fear not. There are four woman’s events and a couple of team events you can take part in. Woman can compete in their own single buck, underhand chop, log rolling and boom runs. Jack and Jill is a team version of the single buck with a man and a woman. Woman can also participate in the team relay, a combination of various events.
So are you booking your flight yet?
The world’s tiniest frogs are smaller than an M&M!
Two new species of frogs have been found in Papua New Guinea. The Paedophryne dekot, where dekot means “very small” in the local Daga language, is 8.5 to 9 millimeters long.
The P. verrucosa, which means “full of warts” in Latin, is bumpy skinned and 8.8 to 9.3 millimeters long. They are the smallest known frogs in the world and are also the smallest tetrapods, or vertebrates with four legs.
The tiniest known vertebrate is a fish found in Southeast Asia known as the Paedocypris progenetica with the mature females measuring 7.9 millimeters. The newly found frogs are very hard to catch and were discovered on an expedition to an isolated mountain in Southeastern Papua New Guinea.
The little frogs live on leaves and mites. They were found by scientists listening to their call and zeroing in on the source. They were able to catch the frogs with their bare hands, which showed to be no easy task. They are much like crickets in that they spring up and land very far from where you were originally trying to catch them.
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